18 Quick History Facts for Grand Canyon Travelers

Geologists estimate the Grand Canyon to be between five and six million years old. In that time, the “big ditch” has seen its fair share of action. To chronicle it would take a book. Instead, I’ve taken the liberty to condense it into these 18 brief, historical highlights:

1. The discovery of spear points made by Paleo-Indian hunters indicate that men inhabited the canyon in 10,000 B.C.

2. 500 B.C. to present – Various Native American tribes have continuously lived in the Grand Canyon region. The Cohonina, Cerbat, and the Anasazi were the first to settle the area. Then came the Navajo, Paiute, and Hopi. Many of these groups were ancestors to the Hualapai and Havasupai, two tribes that today call the canyon home.

3. In 1540, Spanish conquistador Francisco Coronado happened upon the Grand Canyon.

4. The 1948-signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe made the Grand Canyon a part of the United States.

5. The first geologic survey of the canyon was in 1856 by Mr. Jules Marcou of the Pacific Railroad.

6. The first attempt to explore the canyon was in 1857 by Lt. Joseph Christmas Ives. He was commissioned by the War Department to determine if the Colorado River was navigable – and it was!

7. The first time a map included  the name “Grand Canyon” was in 1868. The following year, John Wesley Powell, famously know as the “one-armed explorer” because he lost said limb to a musket ball, put together a 10-man team and led them on the Colorado River Exploring Expedition.

8. In the 1870’s, greedy miners invaded the canyon looking for large deposits of copper, lead, and zinc. They eventually abandoned their efforts because the ore was too difficult to extract.

9. The 1880’s brought the railroads. The Atlantic and Pacific Railroads put up stations in Flagstaff, AZ, and in Williams, AZ, leading to an small influx of visitors.

10. Under the direction of President Benjamin Harrison, the Grand Canyon was accorded National Forest Reserve status in 1883.

11. Journalist Winfield Hogaboom drove herself and three friends to the South Rim in 1902. It was the first car to enter the Park.

12. President Theodore Roosevelt elevated the canyon to National Monument status in 1908.

13. President Woodrow Wilson promoted the canyon to National Park status in 1919.

14. In 1922, the Fred Harvey Company constructed Phantom Ranch, a small rustic commune of stone cottages located at the bottom of the Canyon along the Colorado River.

15. Cars surpassed trains in the 1930’s as the preferred way to travel to the canyon.

16. In 1975, President Gerald Ford expanded the canyon’s boundaries to include Marble Canyon National Monument.

17. The Grand Canyon became a World Heritage Site in 1979.

18. President Bill Clinton created the Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument in 2000. The new monument, located adjacent to the North Rim, encompasses more than a million acres, nearly the same size as Grand Canyon National park (1.2 million acres total).

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Tunisia Tourist Attractions

Identified for its golden beaches, desert scenery and the deep blue sea; the Mediterranean paradise of Tunisia is a good resort get-away for the standard sun-and-sea vacationer. Situated in North Africa, this little nation boasts of a myriad of tourist attractions that seem too much for such a little location.

The capital Tunis has a maze of shops and stalls exactly where you’ll soon end up haggling amongst the chaos having a shopkeeper and then savoring your prize while sipping tea in a nearby cafe. In the evening you may take a walk among cafes inside streets of the Ville Nouvelle.

Outside Tunis one should ogle in the vaulted ceilings, cupolas and galleries at the Bardo museum that is a excellent symbol of Arab-Moslem architecture from the 17th and 18th century. This museum also houses the richest collection of Roman mosaics along with other bronze and steelwork artifacts from different parts of Tunisia.

Review your ancient history by going to the ruins of Carthage exactly where the Romans as soon as built enjoyable buildings, villas, baths and even ancient theatres which have been still becoming utilized currently.

Learn how to sail near the crystalline beaches of Sidi Bou Said and then enjoy your evenings with common conventional evening concerts featuring Tunisian music. Sidi Bou Said’s small shops showcase several Tunisian handicrafts and silver wear. With art becoming an integral component of Tunisia, numerous art galleries can be seen featuring the creations of local and international virtuosos.

Head on to Lake Ichkeul, a birdwatcher’s paradise in which 1 can observe the various flamingos, herons, egrets and storks amongst the green and blue marshland. The Saharan desert can be a wonder to behold but head to the laidback oasis town of Tozeur before starting up a trip to Tatouine which is famous for getting a location inside the Star Wars movie.

Tunisia’s Mediterranean climate ranges from hot, dry summers to mildly cold winters. Springtime (Mid-March to Mid-May) is the best time to visit when the flowers are in bloom as well as the temperatures are not scorching. Visit the deserts throughout late-autumn to prevent the unbearable heat throughout the summer months. Remember to go to in the course of November when all of the music festivals begin and also the deserts grow to be wondrous to explore.

Tunisia is more often than not safe and violence is extremely rare in these parts. There is a prospect of sexual harassment or thievery. It would be advisable to dress modestly and to maintain watch over your bag constantly.… Read More